Types of Black Pepper

If you didn’t know, different types of black pepper are used for various meals. They add a kick of spiciness to breakfast, lunch, and dinner recipes and sit as a condiment on many tables as well as in many cabinets. There are choices of black pepper that can help satisfy your food palate.

Unlike salt, black pepper is one spice that doesn’t change the taste of food. It remains peppery and can be overpowering when mixed with other ingredients. You can control its pungency depending on how little or how much of it you prefer. Use it as an accent seasoning for hot soups, stews, sausages, smoked pork, fish, chili, or even a cold salad and you’ll notice it has a strong flavor that stands out.

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The History and Origin

Although black pepper is popular, it didn’t appear out of thin air. There is certainly a background that explains why it has a place as one of the top spices to ever exist. Most likely, you have it stored with other spices and seasonings that you use often.

So, for you to gain a better understanding, a brief review of the ancient international status of black pepper is detailed for you to know.

The Piperaceae are large flowering plants of the pepper family and their origin is in Kerala, India. The main species of the family is the Indian Piper Nigrum, which is grown in a tropical climate. Also, a cluster of berries grow on the vine and are cultivated. Regarding how black pepper is made, each berry develops into a peppercorn and then is harvested when it has grown significantly.

Since the inception of black pepper, it has evolved and reached far and wide as a staple to compliment savory dishes. It has a quality that is popular in other cultures and has an advantage over their native spices. Also, it’s used differently and is a choice to add a twist to a certain recipe of an individual culture.

Long before different types of black pepper followed closely behind, other countries became familiar with the standard black pepper and how essential it is. Only one was purchased in droves to spice up food naturally.

Brazil is known for its love of meats that are considered to be common specialties on restaurant menus. The country organizes a traditional Brazilian barbeque that consists of varieties of beef, including their favorite which is steak, seasoned with black pepper among blends of other spices.

In China, Sichuan pepper is used. Its spicy flavor is similar to black pepper and combines well with coriander. Although there is no relation between the two spices, the influence is obvious. Regarding the finest dining, the country’s menus contain delicious Chinese cuisines that include mild spices to hotter spices.

Other types of black pepper are usually ignored because they don’t have the same flavorful effect. They’re milder versions that range from sweet to sour. Also, the result of their flavor depends on how they’re processed. If you thought there was only one type, you need to know the other types and how they’re derived from the most used type.

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What Are the Different Types of Black Pepper?

Black pepper is referenced as “The King of Spices” because its signature aromatic scent and pungent flavor are embraced nationally as well as internationally. This spice is a staple for American dishes and is among other types of black pepper and eastern spices.

Malabar is the reference for black pepper and the varieties of peppercorns. Not only do countless countries produce it but it’s one of the most traded spices on the market. As a peppercorn, it’s cooked and then sundried until it develops its shade of black.

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Malabar Black Peppercorn vs. Tellicherry Peppercorn

The difference between the Malabar peppercorn and Tellicherry peppercorn is the contrast in size. Both grow from berries to peppercorns (which is the typical process before forming different types of black pepper) on the same vine but are also distinguished by two stages of growth.

Tellicherry peppercorns grow along the Malabar coast of India. The size is quite small and also resembles a tiny pebble. They’re more pungent and have strong yet classic citrus properties such as lemon, lime, and orange. The citrusy flavor can be combined with sugar for a hint of sweetness.

The Malabar peppercorn is bold in size, fruity, and combines well with various herbs and grains. In a ground form, it’s used in rubs, salad dressings, mixed with vegetables, and also used for blending other spices as well as unrelated seasonings. This peppercorn is considered to be the finest of all peppercorns.

Here are just a few examples of other peppercorns that are used for many dishes. Although the different types of black pepper aren’t explained here, it’s important to know about peppercorns. You can grind or even chop them yourself.

  • White Peppercorn
  • Pink Peppercorn
  • Green Peppercorn
  • Red Peppercorn

White Peppercorn

A white peppercorn is a black peppercorn with the skin removed to lessen its pungency. It’s simply the seed of the fruit and has an earthy flavor that is noticeable yet faint. To prepare it for a grinder, it has to be soaked until the rough texture of the skin softens.

White pepper is the result of white peppercorns in a ground form. As the milder substitute of black pepper, it doesn’t stand out but is still hot to a certain extent. Chefs in the culinary industry have drifted toward this pepper because of its hint of spice. It’s mysterious yet still a choice for people who can’t handle an intense flavor. French cuisines commonly have this pepper included as an ingredient.

If you crave a peppery bite but you don’t want an excessive amount of spice, white pepper is perfect for you. Sprinkle a dash of it on your mashed potatoes or in a cream sauce on toasted French bread for a slight edge without the black specs.

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Pink Peppercorn

A pink peppercorn (also known as an ‘Island peppercorn’) is a ripened berry that grows on a Peruvian pepper tree. It isn’t considered to be a true peppercorn because it’s part of the cashew family. However, it’s often mistaken as a peppercorn because of the strong resemblance and it also has a peppery flavor. While rare but safe to eat, it should still be allowed to ripen to a certain extent before it’s harvested.

When pink peppercorns are ground, the result is pink pepper. The flavor of the pepper is both sweet and spicy yet with a delicate fragrance. It’s similar to the floral but intense scent and flavor of cardamom which is a spice that also originated in India. If you’re a fan of seafood, this pepper is commonly used as an appealing garnish and also provides a mellow taste. The duel flavor is great when blended well with your side of lobster tail or crab meat that is drenched with a light sauce.

Pink pepper combined with cinnamon can also be used to add a rosy-spicy flavor while baking pastries such as cakes and cookies.

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Green Peppercorn

The green peppercorn is prehistoric and considered to be the true form compared to other peppercorns. As the unripe and raw version of the black peppercorn, it has a mild flavor aside from having some pungency. After being preserved in brine and vinegar, it’s best when pickled. In a dried form, immediate use is recommended because it tends to go stale quickly.

If you prefer a taste that is tart (in contrast to other types of black pepper), this peppercorn is a suitable choice when it’s cracked and served on grilled chicken, filet mignon, or salmon. It’s also a good addition to Malaysian and Thai recipes.

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Red Peppercorn

The red peppercorn is a ripe green peppercorn that hasn’t been fermented. Although it’s usually a bright red shade, sometimes, it bears a resemblance to a pink peppercorn. While considered an imposter, it’s very expensive.

In a dried form, these peppercorns resemble bits of chiles after they’re crushed into flakes (one of the many cultivars of Capsicum annum after the harvest process). This method is a way of preserving the peppercorns which can last for many years. The flakes can be found in a shaker that is often used to add heat to a slice of pizza.

  • Talamanca Del Caribe
  • Lampong
  • Madagascar
  • Malabar
  • Sarawak
  • Tellicherry
  • Vietnam

Talamanca Del Caribe

In Ecuador, these peppercorns are used to make extremely spicy cuisines. The result is a fiery flavor that is similar to the intense flavor of a chile compared to other types of black pepper. It’s considered to be the peak of hotness by natives.

Lampong

The Lampong version of the black peppercorn is related to Indonesia and originated in the region of Sumatra. It has an unusual flavor that is smokey yet still spicy when tasting foods that include it. Also, it’s among one of the most prized peppercorns to buy.

Madagascar

Madagascar, off the southwest coast of Africa, is known for its excellent aroma of black pepper and the spice is sprinkled to perfect an African recipe that may include rice or fufu. Each seed is collected then preserved in a safe place and can be fresh or dried when blended into an entire cuisine or a side dish.

Malabar

Malabar Pepper is the base of the variety of available types of black pepper. During the maturity process of the peppercorn, it transforms from a greenish hue to dark red after it has grown completely. It’s known for its large size and the flavor is more intense than store-bought peppercorns.

Sarawak

Sarawak pepper is named after its home of Sarawak, Malaysia. The pepper is developed from peppercorns that are medium in size and are considered to be the best. The mild flavor of this pepper is similar to fruit or cocoa and is classified as ‘exotic’.

Tellicherry

The Tellicherry peppercorn is harvested from the vine of the Piper Nigrum before it ripens. Its tiny size surpasses the other peppercorns and is significant to the percentage of the entire crop. As the top grade of Indian pepper, its citrus notes contribute to its complex flavor.

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Vietnam

Black peppercorns in Vietnam are fresh off the boat and are high in quality. They have a citrusy flavor that lingers and is sharp. The aromatic scent is lemony and robust.

Vietnam maintains the highest ranking for exported black pepper. Along with its production and dominance when compared to other countries, the development of the spice was rapid. Vietnamese natives used their isolation from the outside world as the motivation to work hard to reach such an accomplishment.

Can Black Pepper Benefit Your Health?

*Information on this site is provided for informational purposes and is not meant to substitute for the advice provided by your own physician or other medical professional. You should not use the information contained herein for diagnosing or treating a health problem or disease. If you have or suspect that you have a medical problem, contact your health care provider. Information and statements on this page have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.

Black pepper has been a subject of many discussions about health benefits. It contains the bioactive compound piperine, which is likened to capsaicin (one of some characteristics of chiles) because of its alkaloid properties. Also, to stimulate enzymes for the pancreas to enhance its condition. Other types of black pepper have also been included as home remedies to help injuries and health issues.

Before using black pepper as an herbal supplement, you should conduct research and just absorb as much information as you possibly can. Also, if you intend to use it as a regular ingredient for your organic diet, learn what amount is best. If you’re allergic to it, the wise thing to do is to avoid sickness and hospitalization.

Here are a few examples of health issues that black pepper has been connected to in terms of being potentially helpful:

  • Inflammation
  • Heart Disease
  • Cancers
  • Kidney Disease

Inflammation

During the process of inflammation, a certain part of the human body usually suffers massive swelling. The flow of blood is elevated and affects the area of the injury and or the infection. Pain is a common side effect because fluid leaks into the tissues and with every movement it can be excruciating. A doctor’s care is needed because many people don’t have the skill nor tools to aid the issue.

Black pepper is often praised as an herbal accessory. For example, it may cause further issues, or it may aid an auto-immune disease. In reality, the evidence is so uncertain that it still has yet to be considered valid.

You should still seek professional treatment for an illness or an injury even if it appears to be non-threatening.

Heart Disease

Among the many diseases that plague the heart, it’s a muscular organ that is problematic for people who suffer from at least one. A weak heart affects the respiratory system that becomes endangered if there is a lack of blood flow. The result can be irreversible damage. The size of it is similar to the size of a closed fist which means that it’s relatively small.

Regarding at-home treatment, black pepper is one spice of focus. It hasn’t been proven and isn’t confirmed to be reliable in terms of science. Considering its spiciness, skepticism isn’t far-fetched because some people are sensitive to it.

If you have a weak heart, it isn’t recommended that you attempt to aid yourself. The heart is a key organ and should be handled with care.

Cancer

Cancer is a popular topic of discussion on the subject of using herbs and herbal supplements. The consumption of black pepper combined with turmeric is alleged to be powerful. However, the studies continue and there still has yet to be a successful confirmation. Also, there is no evidence that Capsaicin can kill cancer of any type.

Remember that cancer is serious and, unfortunately, often fatal. Don’t take any chances with home remedies to use for a terminal illness.

Kidney Disease

Since the kidneys are vulnerable to fluid buildup, they need to be free from as much potassium, phosphorus, and sodium as possible.

However, whether black pepper with unhealthy kidneys is or isn’t a dangerous combination is unknown. Make sure that you educate yourself about this and also take precautions.

You may be able to relate to having used standard black pepper (and other types of black pepper) as a home remedy to avoid medical care. It’s known to be common because it’s such a strong spice, but none of the claims have ever been confirmed to be true or false.

Recommended Black Pepper Recipe

Black Pepper Sauce

This homemade sauce can add a touch of spice to any cuisine. It’s thick and slightly creamy with the bold flavor of black pepper.

Ingredients

  • 2 tablespoons olive oil
  • 2 garlic cloves (minced)
  • 1/2 tablespoon minced ginger
  • 1/4 tablespoon cumin
  • 1/4 cup chicken stock
  • 1/4 cup soy sauce
  • 1 tablespoon coarse ground black pepper
  • 1 teaspoon cornstarch
  • 2 tablespoons water

Directions

  1. Heat the olive oil in a small pot on medium heat.
  2. Add garlic and ginger then stir for 2 minutes or until golden brown.
  3. Add the chicken stock, cumin, soy sauce, and black pepper. Stir.
  4. Mix the cornstarch with the water and let it simmer until thick.
  5. Drench on top of corn, wild rice, or any other side dish. Enjoy!
  6. Although the standard black pepper reigns supreme with this recipe. You can use one of the other types of black pepper as a substitute.

Black Pepper and Stains

After cooking, it’s normal for pots, pans, and dishware to be left with stubborn stains that take time and patience to remove. However, spices can leave a residue along with discoloration and a lingering scent. Some spices contain dyes that set when cooked with heat.

Black pepper is known to stick to dinner plates, silverware, and any other silver cookware that is used for the required spice. Not only does it have to be scrubbed, but it tends to harden when it cools. This also pertains to the other types of black pepper as well.

Your best bet is to use products that have the strength to loosen the pepper and it will simply fall off during a good rinse. Dishwashing liquid can’t do the trick because it isn’t made to fight spice stains that continue to sit. Soap pads can only scrub enough to remove excess residue but aren’t made for scouring.

Recommended Products

Champion Ultra Concentrated Degreaser

The Champion Ultra Concentrated Degreaser is the ultimate kitchen cleaner to remove stains from stovetops, ovens, and counters. When combined with water, its natural ingredients are activated to clean thoroughly and tough stains vanish as a result.

This cleaner is great for removing stains on steel pots and pans. It’s versatile for the removal of various stains from clothing and fabrics as well.

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Champion 100% Stainless Steel Scrubber

The Champion 100% Stainless Steel Scrubber is made for all scouring needs. It can scrub stainless steel kitchenware with little effort and reveals a shine on silver utensils. While long-lasting, it maintains its appearance despite many uses and won’t develop rust.

This product is great for the removal of stains from all types of black pepper and leaves not even the slightest trace of residue.

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Final Thought

Having choices among other types of black pepper is good if you’re looking for something that isn’t quite like the standard. Whether individual or combined, each can add a unique touch to a recipe. They’re all intended to add faint, bold, sweet, or sour flavoring to savory dishes or to experiment with for the first time.

*Information on this site is provided for informational purposes and is not meant to substitute for the advice provided by your own physician or other medical professional. You should not use the information contained herein for diagnosing or treating a health problem or disease. If you have or suspect that you have a medical problem, contact your health care provider. Information and statements on this page have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.

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